India begins drafting e-bike standards for sustainability

India begins drafting e-bike standards for sustainable development

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is in the process of drafting standards for electrically assisted bicycles.

Industry sources involved in drafting the standards say the final version of the e-bike standards is likely to be ready in the next six months and will be implemented by mid-2024.

The Association of Indian Cycle Manufacturers (AICMA) organized a one-day workshop on ‘Sustainable Ecosystem for e-bikes in India’ in Ludhiana on November 3, which brought together suppliers, policy makers and academics, and announced that the BIS Transportation Engineering Department’s (TED) Bicycle Sectoral Committee TED 16 is working on standards for e-bikes.

In his inaugural address, U Rajagopal, President, AICMA, said, “Speed is the key to technology adoption and therefore India should lose no time in learning from countries that have already adopted technology to shorten the learning curve.

India should develop e-bike standards earlier to take the lead and call for a strong framework for the development of a quality e-bike market in India.”

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    Electrical switching poses challenges for the components industry

    Around 25 key mechanical and electrical components require robust and sustainable e-bike standards, and 90% of India’s bicycle component manufacturers belong to the Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) sector.

    Building a strong supply chain therefore requires significant investment and innovation in the MSME sector.

    “MSMEs are not yet fully prepared for e-bikes because some of the necessary technologies and components, such as hydraulic brakes, electric wheels and electric throttles, may not be widely available.

    But as demand for e-bikes grows, MSMEs are sure to catch up and adapt to changing trends,” said Harsimerjit Singh, President of the trade body UCPMA.

    Electrical switching poses challenges for the components industry

    Development of e-bike standards begins

    Hannes Neupert, President of ExtraEnergy and member of the EnergyBus Board of Directors; and Dr. Merhua Yang, President of EnergyBus and the Swiss organization Eduard Stolz OPI2020, attended the AICMA event as European experts. They suggested that India could adopt safer and more sustainable e-bike standards.

    The global e-bike market is expected to surpass 100 million units between 2028 and 2032, depending on innovation, legislation and policy,” said EnergyBus. ” The success of the market requires globally harmonized and coordinated standards and India should take a leadership role in this area.

    This is a huge market opportunity and it all depends on how quickly India develops the required standards and adopts technology.”

    Commenting on EV standardization, Eduard Stolz of OPI2020, Switzerland, said, “India is working on developing higher quality e-bikes that are in line with the European market,” and that India’s national standards should also be aligned with global standards and focus on safety(e-bike battery safety) standardization to achieve a global market for low-power vehicles that are sustainable.

    Development of e bike standards begins

    Investing in e-bike testing infrastructure

    The Ludhiana R&D center is also investing in infrastructure for the bicycle market.

    Mechanical testing of e-bikes can be carried out on existing production lines, and an additional production line dedicated to mechanical testing of plastic e-bike components according to REACH standards is likely to be operational in the first quarter of next year.

    “Once the demand for critical electronic components such as motors(mid-drive motor), batteries, controllers, etc. exists, we will assess in the future whether to create test infrastructure for these components. We have already invested INR 100 crore to build a second test line and upgrade the facility.” Rakesh Pathak, Managing Director, Bike R&D Center, said.

    Investing in e bike testing infrastructure

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